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Copyright and Fair Use: Audio

Stated Licenses (Creative Commons & Public Domain)

Attributing Audio

FOR CREATIVE COMMONS AUDIO:

Your attribution should follow this format, which adheres to Creative Commons best practices.

Title of audio file [linked to original hosting site] by Author [linked to profile page] under License [linked to license deed].


FOR PUBLIC DOMAIN AUDIO:

Your attribution should follow this format:

Title of work [linked to original hosting site] by AuthorDate (if known, or n.d. if not known). Public Domain.

RECORDED SONG

Writer, A. (Copyright year.). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. 

  • If the song is recorded by the songwriter, skip the bracketed "recorded by" section.
  • If the recording identifies the lyricist and the composer, include their roles in parentheses after their names.
  • If the writer is unknown, begin the entry with the title of the song followed by the copyright year.

EXAMPLES:

Dylan, Bob. (1997). Make you feel my love [Recorded by Adele]. On 19 [CD]. London: XL, Allido, Columbia.

West, Kayne. (2008). Heartless. On 808s & Heartbreak [MP3]. Burbank: Roc-a-Fella, Def Jam.


AUDIO PODCAST

Writer or Producer, A. (Function). (Date produced or posted). Title of podcast or audio recording. [Medium of recording]. Retrived from http://website.url

EXAMPLES:

KUSP. (Producer). (2013, March 24). Vampires in the lemon grove. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/rss/podcast/podcast_detail.php?siteId=111020758

RadioLab. (Producer). (2014, July 24). For the birds. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.radiolab.org/story/birds/


ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

See section 7.07 of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Tools

TOOLS FOR CREATION

PLACES TO SHARE YOUR CREATIONS