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APA Citation Style: Reference Page

Journal Article Citations

Journal Articles 

 A few general rules about creating journal article citations in APA style:

  •  Always include author, year of publication, article title, journal title and publishing date (volume, issue & page numbers)
  • If no author exists for a piece, unless it is specifically signed Anonymous, do not use anonymous as the author. Simply move the title of the journal article to the place of the author.
  • Always give both volume number and issue number.
  • When citing an electronic journal article, include the URL of the for the home page of the journal.
  • After a URL in a citation, there is no ending punctuation.

Please note: If you access an article online, it is an electronic version.  Even if you print the article out, it is still considered the electronic version, and should be cited as such.

What type of journal article do you have?

  • Print journal article
  • Electronic journal article

A special note about authors: If the article you are citing includes 8 or more authors, include the first six authors, insert an ellipses (...), and then include the last author listed. 

Example:

Wan, P. T. C., Garnett, M. J., Roe, S. M., Lee, S., Niculescu-Duvaz, D., Good, V. M., ... Marais, R. (2004).
     Mechanism of activation of the RAF-ERK signaling pathway by oncogenic mutations of the B-RAF.
     Cell, 116(6), 855-867. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(04)00215-6   

If you have more questions about authors in citations, see the APA 6th Edition - Citing Authors quick guide.


Print journal article

Page, M. E., & Spicer J. (1981). Aids and services for disabled people - getting the message across.
     Applied Ergonomics, 12(4), 223-230.

Wadee, A. A., Kuschke, R. H., Kometz, S., & Berk, M. (2001). Personality factors, stress and immunity.
     Stress & Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 17
(1), 25-40.  

Electronic journal article

Deitz, S. R., & Sissman, P. L. (1984). Investigating jury bias in a child molestation case. Behavioral Sciences
     & the Law, 2
(4), 423-434. Retrieved from http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-BSL.html

De Muro, P., & Gabrysch, L. (2007). A survey of new developments in tax-exemption law: What compliance
     officers need to know. Journal of Health Care Compliance, 9(6), 15-61. Retrieved from http://health.cch.com/
     products/ProductID-2967.asp

Dybvik, A. C. (2004). Autism and the inclusion mandate: What happens when children with severe disabilities
     like autism are taught in regular classrooms? Daniel knows. Education Next, 4(1), 42-49. Retrieved
     http://educationnext.org/

Elements of a Web Citation

Referring to a nonperiodical Web Document, Web Page or Report

List as much of the following information as possible:

Author, A., (Date of Publication). Title of Document. Retrieved from http://webaddress

Tips for citations of Online material

Author - the author is the person or organization taking credit for the information. If you are not sure who is taking responsibility for the information, look for an About Us link or who is copyrighting the material.

Personal author(s) example: Jane Smith & Michael J. Johnson
Corporate author examples:

American Heart Association (a non-profit organization)
National Cancer Institute (a government organization)
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (a commercial organization)

Date – Beware: many websites include a current date feature, which dates the page with today’s date.  This is not the date upon which the information was written, it is the date you are viewing it.  In your citation, you need to include the date the information was written or copyrighted.

  1. Copyright Date - generally found at the bottom of the page; if a date range is given (2007-2010), give only the most current year - 2010.
  2. A byline date is sometimes used near the top of the webpage: May 1, 2004
  3. A date of last update may be found at the top or bottom of the page and looks something like: Updated: 8:43 a.m. MT May 10, 2009.
  4. If the website has no date associated with it, your citation will reflect this by an (n.d.) where the date should be.

Title – This rule works sometimes, not always – look in the extreme upper, left-hand corner of your web browser page. Sometimes the title is not here, and you will need to look at the information on the page to find the title.

Retrieval Date - Include a retrieval date only with material that is expected to change over time. 

URL – Be careful to get the correct URL (Uniform Resource Locator or web address).

More Web Citations

Corporate Author 

American Heart Association.  (2009).  Learn you levels.  Retrieved from
     http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=513
HealthCentral Network. (2009). Heart attack symptoms and warning signs.  Retrieved
     from http://www.healthcentral.com/heart-disease/patient-guide-44510-6.html
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2009, July 24). Smoking cessation products to help
     you quit.  Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/hearthealth/riskfactors/riskfactors.html

Personal Author(s)
 

Hoffman, D.  (2009). Diagnosing skin cancer on nose. Retrieved from 
    
http://health.ivillage.com/cancer/sc/0,,6f9v,00.html
Irving, I. & Kuan, X. (2009, August 25). Crime, punishment and poverty in the United States.  
     Retrieved http://ideas.repec.org/p/dal/wparch/uspov.html
 

Wiki - please note that I have not yet found an example of a wiki citation in the 6th edition, so this citation refers to the 2007 Update.

Study spots. (2007). Retrieved January 4, 2008, from the University of Stanford Wiki:
     http://stanford.wikia.com/wiki/Study_Spots
 

Blog Article
 - please note that I have not yet found an example of a blog article citation in the 6th edition, so this citation refers to the 2007 Update.

Ruiz, V. (2007, August 8). Wearing your anatomy on your skin: The anatomy tattoo gallery.  In Street anatomy:
     Medicine + art + design
.  Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://streetanatomy.com/blog/?p=132
 

Blog Post

c4nn1b4l. (2009, August 9). Re: Wearing your anatomy on your skin: The anatomy tattoo gallery [Web
     log message]. Retrieved from http://streetanatomy.com/blog/?p=132
 

Podcasts 

Fogarty, M (Producer). (2006, October 8). Excessive redundant redundancies [Show 18]. Grammar Girl: Quick
     and Dirty Tips for Better Writing
. Podcast retrieved from http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/
Smith, C. (Producer). (2006, January 8). Obesity, appetite, exercise and weight loss. The Naked Scientists.
     Podcast retrieved from http://www.thenakedscientists.com/

MCNY Purpose Handbook

Metropolitan College of New York. (2013, Spring). School for Human Services & Education: Human Services Purpose I Handbook.
    Retrieved April 10, 2013 from Metropolitan College of New York, Library Web site: http://www.mcny.edu/library/libph.php

 

Technical and Research Reports

Technical and Research Reports

Technical and research reports are cited much like books, except for the inclusion of the report number, which may take a variety of forms.  Take a look at the examples below.

Corporate Author

  • A corporate author is an organization or institution that takes credit/responsibility for information instead of a single person.
  • In the third example below, the publisher is the same as the author; when this happens, use the word Author as the publisher.

Colorado Health Institute, Center for the Study of the Safety Net. (2009). Colorado children's
     health insurance: 2009 update
(Issue Brief). Denver, CO: Caring for Colorado Foundation.
     Retrieved from http://www.coloradohealthinstitute.org/documents/sn/EBNE.pdf

Economic Impact Taskforce. (2007). UNC economic impact analysis: Phases I, II, and III.
     Retrieved from the University of Northern Colorado, Office of the President website:
     http://www.unco.edu/socialsciencesinstitutes/documents/Project%20Reporting/Reports
     /UNC%20Economic%20Impact%20Study%20-%20Three%20Phases%20Final%20Report.pdf

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Inventory of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and
     sinks: 1990-2007
(EPA 430-R-09-004). Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://epa.
     gov/climatechange/emissions/downloads09/InventoryUSGhG1990-2007.pdf


Personal Author

James, D.J. & Glaze, L. E. (2006). Mental health problems of prison and jail inmates (NJC 213600).
     Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justic
     Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/mhppji.pdf